Many people who want to do orthodontics choose metal orthodontics due to cost or other reasons. At first, they will have such doubts: why must there be this ugly steel wire on the braces? Can a wire straighten your teeth? Wouldn't it hurt if I had to straighten my teeth?
In fact, the real name of this shiny steel wire is "orthodontic wire". If orthodontic treatment is compared to a protracted war, it is undoubtedly the most courageous warrior in this war! Knowing what it does, you may not dislike this ugly wire.
The braces we often say, also known as fixed appliances, are composed of orthodontic wires, rings, brackets and accessories. The most important thing for correction is brackets and orthodontic wires! The main function of the bracket is to fix the orthodontic wire, so that the orthodontic wire can play a better role and transmit the orthodontic force, so as to control the three-dimensional movement of the teeth and achieve the purpose of orthodontic correction.
Orthodontic wires, on the other hand, are metal wires stuck in the grooves of brackets or through thin tubes with loops. Simply put, they are thin wires that connect your crooked teeth and guide them to move. Therefore, the orthodontic wire is a force application device, the bracket is a force transmission device, the force of the orthodontic wire is transmitted to the teeth through the bracket, and the teeth are moved by the force of the orthodontic wire! Both of them are indispensable.
1. Tooth movement: The pressure exerted by the elastic orthodontic wire guides the movement of the teeth along the trajectory like a locomotive.
2. Increase the alignment strength: As the teeth gradually begin to be aligned, the rigid orthodontic wire replaces the elastic orthodontic wire and exerts more pressure.
3. Begin jaw reshaping: As the jaw reshapes, rigid orthodontic wires maintain the teeth in their proper alignment, which usually takes several months to reshape the jaw.
4. Jaw shaping force: The jaw is shaped so that the teeth can move forward or backward, inward or outward, up or down, and the direction of movement depends on the direction of the force.
5. Ligament traction: Continued application of force leads to bone resorption in the direction in which the teeth move. As the teeth drift, the ligaments they wrap around also begin to stretch.
6. The reconstruction of the alveolar bone is completed: the pulled ligament prompts the body to fill the gap formed after the tooth drifts, and over time, new bone deposits are formed to maintain the position of the tooth after the move.
With the accumulation of time, a neat, healthy and beautiful teeth will come out! After reading the above introduction, do you have a new understanding of orthodontic wires? This ugly but extremely brave warrior will accompany everyone through almost the entire orthodontic treatment.